Before discussing further, it would be nice to discuss in advance the understanding of each of these formats. What is RAW? RAW files are pure camera recordings that have not been processed and have not been compressed. JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group, a bitmap file compression scheme.
Now that we know RAW and JPEG Photography, we now discuss the differences:
1. When you use a JPEG file format, the resulting file will be smaller than RAW, because in the process, JPEG uses Lossy compression file size, which means you will lose some parameters of the image quality every time the file is taken. Image quality is reduced to get a small file size. However the difference in quality will not be visible for certain images.
JPEG file is a mature image from a digital camera, all the processes of color adjustment, lighting and sizing, the truth is already done by the camera first.
When you press the shutter, the sensor records the image, well if the RAW file format is directly sent to the memory card, the JPEG file format is processed first by the camera processor. Just like a computer, our camera also has a processor. The more sophisticated and expensive cameras we have, usually the processor is also more sophisticated. After processing it first, edited here and there, then sent to the memory card.
This edited photo of a camera processor is what we see everyday in the JPEG format. Raw format that has been edited and can be saved with JPEG. So if you don’t want to be bothered with digital processing, and want to directly see your photos on a computer or smartphone, use the jpeg format when shooting, enter your camera’s settings, and select the jpeg format as a result.
2. Photos with RAW format are raw files that have not been edited or processed by image or photo processing software, for example photoshop and lightroom. This type of file cannot be displayed on a Windows computer without supporting software such as Photoshop or Picassa.
RAW files generally have a larger size (one photo in raw format can reach tens of Mb in size). In addition, all information captured by the sensor is stored in the file.
Now the difference between these two files is clearer, at least you have a general picture of the different types of RAW and JPEG files.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of RAW and JPEG formats?
1. Not Losing Anything from Photos both information and photo quality (still original):
a. If you use the RAW format more information is stored (if you choose JPEG, the camera will remove a small amount of data to reduce file size and speed up the processing)
b. The quality will be better because if you use JPEG it will be compressed.
Read to EXIF Photography Data
2. It will be easier for you to fiddle with raw files as expected:
a. Easy White Balance Correction
b. No Need to Be Afraid of Highlights
3. As Proof of Ownership of Photos
It will be seen from the EXIF data so you will not have many problems with Disclaimer.
Drawbacks of RAW:
1. Requires a large data storage
2. Takes a lot of time if you process it
3. The Process of Taking Pictures is Longer
4. Not Suitable for Printing Needs Directly from the Camera
So when should you use RAW or JPEG?
1. Professional and commercial photography such as weddings, product photos and the like
2. Use RAW when the light conditions are too complex or unfavorable for example at sunset, sunrise, low light or there are diverse light sources
3. Want to get the perfect white balance and advanced editing process
4. Requires full control over the final photo
5. Want high-quality photos for portfolio purposes and show clients
6. Want to print large photos or posters
1. For photography just a hobby and photography is done every day (everyday snapshot)
2. Use JPEG when the lighting conditions are very good for example during the daytime outdoors (daylight condition)
3. Want a concise process without additional editing and upload it directly on social media
4. Do not want to meet the capacity of the hard drive or laptop